We hear the word “metabolism” nearly every day. People are saying phrases like, “my metabolism is so slow, I wish I had a better one”! Or “my friend is so lucky, she’s fortunate that she has such a fast metabolism, she eats anything she wants and doesn’t gain weight!”
These statements illustrate the confusion over the metabolism. My goal here is to help you understand what metabolism is and how you can begin to improve yours. Yes, I said improve yours! Most of the factors of metabolism are subject to forces that YOU control! When it comes to metabolism and the question of Nature vs. Nurture, the latter is the most predominant factor.
So, how can you begin the process of repairing and elevating you metabolism? Well let’s first simplify what metabolism is. Very simply, metabolism is the speed with which your body processes food in order to sustain life. And the factors include:
1. Muscle Tissue: The more muscle you have the more calories you burn regardless of how active you are, your age, etc. Lean muscle tissue is burning calories for you 24 hours a day – each and every day, even while you’re watching TV, blinking your eyes and sleeping!
2. Meal Frequency: Frequent eating while matching energy expenditure allows metabolism to elevate. In contrast, going too long between meals causes a significant slow down in metabolism.
3. Activity Level: Obviously, the more active you are the faster rate you’ll expend calories and allow for a heightened metabolic process.
4. Food Choices: Eating quality complex carbohydrates from whole grain sources, lean proteins and fresh fibrous carbs allows the body to become more thermic in nature, elevating both metabolism and caloric burn. Conversely, high sugary foods (including many of the “fat-free” foods), saturated & hydrogenated fats and bleached, processed & refined carbs have little impact on stoking metabolism. In fact, many of these foods are considered “empty” in caloric value.
5. Hydration Level: Low water intake can lead to poor organ function and additional stress on the body, which contributes to a slowing of metabolism.
6. Stress: Many times when we’re under stress, we eat! And we eat the wrong foods! Also, high stress causes elevations in the hormone Cortisol, which interferes with the body’s ability to lose excess fat, lowering metabolic function.
7. Genetics: Yes it’s true that some people are born with better metabolisms, but there is nothing that you can do about that. Of the all the factors of metabolism, only 1 is outside of your control! I’ve seen many people who claimed they had a slow metabolism lose excess weight at a rate they perceived to be incredible. Was it? No, they just applied the same information you’re reading right now and were very pleased with their results.
In summary, eat small meals by frequently combining lean proteins with small servings of natural complex carbs, avoid simple sugars and bleached flours, exercise both aerobically and with resistance. With the right approach, and with some patience and commitment, slow metabolisms can be a thing of the past, allowing you to re-shape your body in very desirable ways.